During the 2015–16 school year, 122,000 students (approximately 0.2 percent of all students enrolled) across the nation were physically restrained, mechanically restrained, or secluded.
The Crisis Prevention Institute Inc. has published Risks of Restraints: Understanding Restraint-Related Positional Asphyxia.
A 2013 study by the Autism National Committee showed only 30 states require that parents be notified if restraint and seclusion are used on their children.
APRAIS has published A Parent’s Guide to Protecting Your Child From the Use of Restraint, Aversive Interventions, and Seclusion.
The U.S. Department of Education Fact Sheet: Restraint and Seclusion of Students with Disabilities can help individuals and families know how to file a complaint with the Office For Civil Rights if their child’s rights have been violated.
A 2017 analysis of restraint and seclusion legislation and policy across states compares how states are using the U.S. Department of Education checklist.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has published The Business Case for Preventing and Reducing Restraint and Seclusion Use.
Since 2012, the U.S. Department of Education has encouraged states to use a checklist of 15 principles that can help provide additional protections for children from restraint and seclusion.