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There Are Other Ways to Keep Kids Safe

School teams trained in practices that put relationships and building trust first are succeeding in creating safe, inclusive schools free of seclusion and restraint. Learn more!

Creating a 'relationship-first vs. rules-first' environment. 

Be the person who, at long last, identifies the lagging skills and unsolved problems that have been contributing to challenging episodes. 

Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS) creates schools where all students succeed.


Students with ADHD in School Classrooms

Published in the School Psychology Review, this article from scholar Ross Greene examines teacher factors in the outcomes of school based treatment for students with ADHD, which he notes to be a striking omission from most research and analyses on the subject.


2017-2018 CRDC

The U.S. Dept. of Education’s Office for Civil Rights has released the 2017-2018 Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC). The CRDC provides a variety of information about student enrollment and educational programs and services, most of which is disaggregated by race/ethnicity, sex, limited English proficiency, and disability self-reported by 17,604 public school districts and 97,632 public schools and educational programs. 

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The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has published The Business Case for Preventing and Reducing Restraint and Seclusion Use.

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15 Principles

Since 2012, the U.S. Department of Education has encouraged states to use a checklist of 15 principles that can help provide additional protections for children from restraint and seclusion. 


An Alternative to Exclusionary Discipline

In this article, Ross Greene and Stacy Haynes discuss how to address the disproportionate use of exclusionary and punitive disciplinary practices that primarily harm Black and Hispanic students.


Current Figures

During the 2017-2018 school year, 101,990 students of the over 50.9 million students enrolled across the nation’s public schools (0.2 percent) were subjected to physical restraint, mechanical restraint or seclusion. 

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Positional Asphyxia

The Crisis Prevention Institute Inc. has published Risks of Restraints: Understanding Restraint-Related Positional Asphyxia.

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National Study

Guide to State Restraint and Seclusion Laws, Regulations, Rules, and Policies (2019)


Transforming School Discipline

Originally published in the Childhood Education Journal, this article from Ross Greene discusses the importance of education innovation in ensuring that we are "providing the best support and preparation for our children for all aspects of their lives." In this article, Greene advocates for a renewed perspective on responding to challenging student behaviors.

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Parent's Guide

APRAIS has published A Parent’s Guide to Protecting Your Child From the Use of Restraint, Aversive Interventions, and Seclusion.

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Fact Sheet

The U.S. Department of Education Fact Sheet: Restraint and Seclusion of Students with Disabilities can help individuals and families know how to file a complaint with the Office For Civil Rights if their child’s rights have been violated. 

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Federal Initiative

January 2019: U.S. Department of Education announces new initiative to address the inappropriate use of restraint and seclusion in the nation’s schools. 

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